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Insects transmit pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and parasites
Please review this info before you order.

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Blood sucking insect vectors like Ticks, fleas, lice, mosquitoes, flies, and True Bugs as well as microscopic mites transmit pathogenic diseases and worms. Biting insects like spiders, horse and deer flies transmit diesase. Ticks can transmit over 100 different diseases.

We carry antimicrobials for each of the pathogen categories. Our protocols use broad spectrum antimicrobials to address a variety of pathogens, instead of just targeting bacteria (Lyme).
(Scroll down for info on testing, research and other valuable info.)

If you are targeting single pathogens, here is the process:
1. Find the disease or condition you are experiencing in the list below.
2. Note if the disease is due to a bacteria, virus, parasite, or other category.
3. Go to 'Herbs & Supplements' left navigation menu list.
4. Click on "Antimicrobials" to display categories.
*For example, if you are experiencing Babesia, you will see from the list below that it is classified as a Protozoa parasite.
Go to "Antimicrobials" on the Herbs & Supplements menu, and then click on "Antiparasitic (Parasites)" category to access the list of items that specifically address parasites.

As of 2011, a broader way to think of Lyme Disease is to see it as a syndrome of multiple pathogenic infections and resulting multi-systemic conditions, rather than a disease arising from a single Borrelia bacterial infection. Lyme is often seen as a co-infection, rather than a primary pathogenic infection. Read the Biofilm Protocol page for insight into biofilms and how it compounds Lyme Disease.

Click here for a Co-Infection Chart from

1. Bacteria:
Lyme Disease: Borrelia (Bb / Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato)
Other strains of Borrelia, include Borrelia afzelii, Borrelia garinii, Borrelia hermsii, Borrelia lonestari, Borrelia parkeri, Borrelia miyamotoi, (STARI) (Masters Disease), Borrelia americana, Borrelia andersonii
Chlamydia Pneumoniae (CPN)
Bartonella / Bartonella Henselae (CSD, Cat Scratch Disease) - there are at least 17 strains of Bartonella
Coxiella / Coxiella burnetti (Q Fever)
Mycobacteria, Mycoplasma (M. fermentans / Mycoplasma fermentans, M. pneumoniae, M. penetrans, M. hominis and M. genetalium)
Relapsing Fever (Borrelia hermsii, B. turicata/turicatae, B. parkeri, Borrelia crocidurae (African human relapsing fever), Borrelia duttonii (East African relapsing fever), Borrelia hispanica, Borrelia persica)
Tularemia Francisella tularensis (Rabbit Fever, Francis' Disease, Deer-Fly Fever, O'Hara Disease)
Bacterial Meningitis (membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord)
Brucella (Neurobrucellosis; Malta, Undulant, Rock, Cyprus, Gibraltar or Crimean Fever), Brachyspira aalborgi, Bracyspira hyodysenteriae

Bacteria (due to Rickettsia):
Ehrlichia (HME - Ehrlichia ewingii or HCE - Ehrlichia chaffeensis) also called Anaplasma (Anaplasma phagocytophilum / A. phagocytophilum, A. marginale), HA (Human Anaplasmosis, Neoehrlichia

Rocky Mountain
Spotted Fever (RMSF, Tick Typhus, Sao Paulo Fever, Spotted Fever) often shown with spotty rash
Heartwater Disease (Cowdriosis)

2. Viruses:
Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) is transmitted from infected animals to humans through the bite of an infected tick, mosquito, or other blood-sucking insect. Lyme disease, a bacterial infection spread by ticks or other vectors, can cause encephalitis.
Powassan Encephalitis (tick borne)
Tick Borne Encephalitis (TBE, Deer Tick Virus (DTV), Langat virus, Louping ill, Negishi virus encephalitis, Tick-Borne Flavivirus Viral Encephalitis, HSV 1, HSV2, HSE (Herpes Simplex Encephalitis)
Colorado Tick Fever (CTF, Mountain Tick Fever, Mountain Fever, American Mountain Fever)
West Nile Virus (West Nile Encephalitis)
Equine Encephalitis
LaCrosse Encephalitis
St. Louis Encephalitis
Missouri Tick Virus, aka Heartland Virus (genus phlebovirus. Phlebovirus is in the family of Bunyaviridae, which is also the family that the deadly rodent-borne hantavirus. "Heartland virus" is the only other phlebovirus, aside from China's SFTSV (severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus), that can be spread by ticks.

Bacterial or Viral or Fungal: Myelitis (an infection of the spinal cord).
When both the brain and the spinal cord become inflamed, the condition is called Encephalomyelitis.

3. Parasites:
A. Protozoa: Babesia, (Babesia Microti, Babesia Divergens, Babesia Duncani <There are over 100 species of Babesia, a blood parasite> Piroplasmosis, Nantucket Fever, Texas Cattle Fever, Redwater Fever, Tick Fever. Babesia lives inside red blood cells.
B. Amoeba
C. Worms, Filaria ("Creatures")

Parasite Testing: Parasitology Center

*Bobcat Fever (reported only in cats) is a type of Protozoa.

4. Mold, Fungus, Mycotoxin and Non-Tick / Non Vector-Borne conditions often seen accompanying Lyme Disease:
A. Fungus illness and fungus overgrowth (often results due to antibiotic use.)
- Mold and Mycotoxin Illness -

- P
athogenic fungi can invade the blood stream and tissue and become a life threatening infection. Click here to go to Spirostat for their Detectable Fungi List. Click here for more info on pathogenic fungus.
B. Candida is the most well-known yeast, however there are multiple types of fungus that create infection, including Aspergillus, Phoma, Fusarium, Valley Fever (can mimic pneumonia), and many more.
C. Human Retrovirus - There may be a link between Chronic Lyme Disease and the third known human retrovirus, (based on research released in 2010), named HGRV-Human Gamma Retro Virus (the associated disease is called HGRAD - Human Gamma Retrovirus Associated Disease). HGRV was previously called XMRV. Retroviruses are "enveloped pathogens" with an RNA genome.
D. Other Spirochetes: Leptospira spp., Treponema carateum (Pintas Disease / Yaws disease), Treponema denticola (Periodontitis spirochete), Treponema pallidum (Syphilis spirochete)
E. Flu, Measels, and Herpes often accompany Lyme Disease.

5. Tick Paralysis (often misdiagnosed as MS)

2011 PA State Committee discussing ramifications of Lyme Disease -


Lyme Research at The University of New Haven, Connecticut
"There is an urgent need to investigate what kind of pathogens can be found in ticks and what their coinfection rates are. Without this data no successful detection and therapeutic treatment protocol can be established for Lyme disease. Unfortunately, there have been no comprehensive studies performed in Connecticut to date to investigate the different types of tick-borne pathogens and their frequency rate. Therefore, at the University of New Haven, we have initiated a pilot study (supported generously by the University).

Our preliminary results show that 20% of the ticks have Borelia bacteria, 30% of the ticks have Bartonella bacteria, 35% of the ticks have Babesia protozoa and 8% of the ticks have Ehrlichia bacteria. Also, 20% of the ticks carry two different pathogens and at least 10% of the ticks carry three different infections.

The goal of this study was 1) to develop a simple and efficient method for detecting tick co-infections and 2) to investigate the magnitude of co-infections in ticks found in southern Connecticut. As a first task, we have developed a novel PCR (polymerase chain reaction) protocol that is able to detect 4-6 different coinfections simultaneously. We have collected 400 ticks (mainly from the Hamden and Bridgeport areas).

Completion of this project will lead us to an important milestone in Lyme disease research. First, we will have data about the type and the frequency rate of these tick-borne pathogens in southern Connecticut. With this crucial information Connecticut doctors will be better equipped to treat their patients suspected of having Lyme disease. Also, our novel PCR technology may be further developed as a quick and reliable clinical diagnostic test which can revitalize the diagnosis of Lyme disease."

Reference: Eva Sapi, PhD, University of New Haven (online ref. source no longer available.)

NOTE: The study confirms that ticks in Connecticut carry multiple pathogens. A tick carrying more than one pathogen means that one tick bite can transmit several different types of pathogens into your body.

Mycoplasma - Dr. Eva Sapi, from the University of New Haven confirmss in this 2011 video that myoplasma has been discovered inside the gut of ticks. This means that mycoplasma can co-exist with Borrelia. She states that it can take 8-10 months to treat and eliminate Mycoplasma pneumonia of the lung.

Click here for her 2011 Video:

Chronic viral conditions that can create a false-positive Lyme Disease Antibody test*:
  1. West Nile virus
  2. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
  3. EpsteinBarr virus (EBV)
  4. Herpes zoster virus (HZV)
  5. Herpes simplex 1 (HSV1)
  6. Herpes simplex 2 (HSV2)
  7. Human herpes virus 6 (HHV6)
  8. Colorado tick fever
  9. Powassan encephalitis
  10. Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) and Western Equine Encephalitis (WEE) these should be suspected in cases where meningitis is suspected.
  11. HIV
  12. Hepatitis viruses—B and C

*2008 Reference: The Lyme Disease Solution, by Ken Singleton, MD

Here are some common co-infections (two or more infections present at once) that are routinely seen in Lyme patients:
  1. Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) - As of 2011, there are approx. 300 strains of Borrelia. Most commonly seen in Lyme Disease are among eight spirochete genuses, one of which is Bb (common, primarily because these genuses are the ones that have been studied and identified thus far as pathogenic in humans and for which tests have been developed. Most likely many other strains of Borrelia are infectious to humans, for which tests have not yet been developed. Therefor, if your doctor tells you that you do not test positive for Lyme Disease, you may be experiencing one of the genuses for which tests have not been developed.)
  2. Herpes family viruses
  3. Ehrlichiosis
  4. Coxsachie viruses
  5. Measles virus
  6. Multiple different parasites
  7. Chlamydia pneumonia
  8. Influenza viruses
  9. Babesia microti
  10. Bartonella henselae
  11. Mycoplasma

Lyme-Like Protozoa Infection: Protomyczoa Rheumatica - (Scroll to Dr. Fry to read more about this.)

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