Part 1 of 2
BIOFILM 101 - Understanding Biofilm
What are Biofilms?
Pathogens secrete substances that form a kind of slimy film to protect them - this film is a biofilm, and once the biofilm forms, many types of pathogens will be drawn to live within it.
A biofilm is a multicellular colony of multiple species of microorganisms and extracellular materials (materials outside of cells) that stick to one another or a surface. In some camps, biofilms are referred to as "slime," although when viewed with a microscope, fibers are present. The growth and proliferation of disease causing pathogens depends on biofilm. Although not all bacteria form biofilm, Lyme spirochetes are found to aggregate (gather) within them.
More than 75% of infections in humans are associated with biofilms.
The Center for Disease Control estimates that over 65% of hospital-acquired infections are caused by biofilms.
Until 2009, natural protocols focused on eradicating individual pathogens, with little attention paid to biofilms. Especially in chronic infections, newer protocols address biofilm with agents that degrade it, address the cell wall of single bacteria and the biofilm wall, neutralize the community's signalling mechanism, and more.
What about friendly bacteria and viruses? Humans, as a rule, are a host to various "friendly" microbes. We carry them around with us in tissues. In the gut, bacteria join healthy "microbiome communities." Our GI tract contains thousands of different bacteria and
microorganisms that are necessary to maintaining health. (Antibiotics
can disrupt these bacteria and allow disease-causing bacteria to flourish.) Thus, good microbes normally exist in balance within our bodies.
Per Science Daily, there is a link between antibiotics and the proliferation of biofilm: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/1407...
The human body is made of an estimated 100 trillion cells. However, humans host between 1.5-2 quadrillion and approximately 1,500 different types of beneficial types of bacteria. "The number of bacteria living within the body of the average healthy adult human are estimated to outnumber human cells 10 to 1!" Although more research is needed as to everything we get from this arrangement, we know that:
THEY KEEP THE PATHOGENIC MICROBES AND BACTERIA FROM TAKING OVER.
They communicate with the immune system and we need their enzymes for various body processes
They prevent growth of harmful species
They regulate the development of the gut
They produce vitamins (such as biotin and vitamin K)
They ferment unused energy substrates
They produce needed hormones
They assist us in the biofilms in the gut, respiratory system, urinary tract, mucus membranes of the reproductive tract.
Thus, we are designed to live in harmony with the beneficial microbes in our bodies because
human are symbiotes.
It is when Lyme Disease and co-infections and strong antibiotics enter the picture that the balanced arrangement in the body can be tipped over the edge into more pathogenic ("bad") biofilm communities.
Here are some interesting (2014) comments on biofilm and pathogens: http://www.reddit.com/r/science/comments/2ga9tf/i...
Pathogenic organisms are seen in tissues and blood in various forms and growth phases, meaning organisms are not always strictly limited to the location of the biofilms.
They can also live outside of it. This is why our protocols address pathogens throughout the body, including blood stream, joints, nerve tissue, brain, and biofilm.
Within the protective barrier of biofilms, pathogens aggregate and multiply, greatly increasing virulence.
Enzymes and other agents are recommended in Tick Disease protocols to degrade and destabilize the pathogenic biofilm "slime" organism/layer.
Do organisms live outside the biofilm or are they all inside the biofilm?
No, they can also live outside the biofilm, too. They will seek out and signal one another, however, to accumulate in biofilm.
How do pathogens move to other areas of the body?
Single pathogens can migrate outside the biofilm - they go in and out of the colony. Also, biofilm can fragment and the fragment can float to other areas and attach elsewhere, carrying a small part of the colony to a new location.
Biofilms act like an intelligent community of pathogens, and pathogens that are embedded within them appear to use and have access to:
1. A signaling communication system.
2. A pump system to transport internal and external fluids and solids and a network of channels to transport them.
3. Quorum sensing (messaging) ability.
Biofilms and Infection video featuring Dr. Rachel Fresco on Usage Protocols for Biocidin and the Comprehensive Cleansing Program.
Is it possible that the good guy, friendly biofilms can be "brought to the dark side," and go from good to pathogenic? We think this is certainly possible, particularly in chronic illness, and especially in the theory of "Pleomorphism." Pleomorphists believe that internal microorganisms can change from avirulent, benign forms into a potentially virulent, pathogenic, forms." Click for article and reference. The goal then, is to re-establish the healthy balance and symbiotic relationship.
Think of it this way: When you are healthy, your body exists as a balanced series of communities of human cells carrying thousands of species of organisms that help you and one another survive. When you begin to kill off these species, especially with toxic chemicals like antibiotics, they will in effect fight back to survive, turning against the host or one another in chronic disease.